Tables and Figures

Tables and Figures should be submitted as separate documents. Graphs should be submitted as Excel or graphic files (JPG, TIF or GIF) and Tables should be submitted as separate Word documents. Tables: Each table should be presented on a separate page (see example). The title should be brief and self-explanatory. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Group similar items in the left column (as shown in the example table). Horizontal lines are only used for column headings. Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. Numerous small tables or unduly large and complex tables should not be used. Reversing columns and rows may reduce the dimensions of a table. Avoid the overuse of significant digits which may suggest false or unwarranted precision. Use zeros to the left of decimals in numbers less than 1. The level of experimental error and the statistical significance of results should be given. Levels of statistical significance should be indicated as follows without explanation: * = P<0.05, ** = P<0.01, *** = P<0.001. Alternatively, the actual P-value can be given. Where there is no significant difference leave space blank. Where no data is available leave blank. Note that only the first word of each column is capitalised. Footnotes to tables should be numerals. Tables should be self-explanatory and easy to comprehend without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text. Where a series of Tables have the same footnotes, these can be referred back to the previous tables (e.g., See footnote(s) to Table 1).

Example table

Table 4: Effect of supplementary concentrate feeding level with grass silage on live weight and carcass traits in Experiment 1

Figures: Figures should be presented with captions on separate pages. Avoid use of heavy-weight lines. There should be consistent, scale, boldness and font. Avoid the use of unnecessary background or gridlines or 3D display. Avoid ‘busy’ figures and rescale if there is a lot of white space. Solid symbols should be used before open ones and continuous lines should be used before dotted or dashed ones. All titles and legend text should be legible when the figure is reduced in size. A specimen figure indicating desirable symbols and thickness of lines is shown in the example. Begin each legend with a title (do not include legend(s) within the Figure) and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. The x and y axes must be labelled and units must be given in parentheses. Do not repeat a table using a figure. Figures should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. Each figure has to be referred to in the text.

Example Figure

Figure 3. Changes in weight loss of coated (□) and uncoated (■) fresh-cut carrots during storage. Each value is the mean of two duplicates (each duplicate with triplicate measurements) and error bars represent standard errors of means.

Graphic files: Photos, drawings and diagrams can be submitted in any of the following formats: EPS, BMP, JPG, TIFF, GIF.